How to change a tap washer

If a tap is dripping, then there is a good chance that the tap-washer needs to be replaced.

These washers are very cheap and are as widely available as fuses for plugs.   You can probably get one from your nearest hardware-store or mini-DIY stockist, where you can buy them in small packets, or from a plumbing shop where they can usually be bought individually.

Washers for sink-taps are generally 1/2 inch, while bath tap washers are generally 3/4 inch.

If the dripping tap is in the kitchen, on the cold system, then the valve to turn off the water will be found under the sink.

If, on the other hand, it is from the hot-tap, then the chances are you will have to locate other stop-cocks (valves), usually located in the airing-cupboard / hot-water-cupboard / hot-press.   See Picture 1.


Picture 1:   typical modern hot-water cupboard (note the pump on the floor).

Step 1:   In this case, there is a pump-switch, as indicated.    Switch it off.

Picture 2:  turning off the water pump.


Step 2:  Locate the stop-valves, as indicated in Picture 3.  (These values may be hidden behind clothing etc - follow the pipe-work to find them.)


Picture 3: Values in a modern hot-water cupboard 


Step 3:  Turn all the stop-values off, by turning them clockwise.


Step 4:  Put the plug into the sink, to avoid losing small pieces.

Picture 4:   Kitchen sink with drainage plug in place


Step 5:  Use a small pen-knife or similar to gently prise the cap from the tap, as indicated.   In this case, the hot tap.

Picture 5:   Removing the cover from the tap top



Step 6:    Using a screwdriver, remove the screw.


Picture 6:   Using a screwdriver to remove the screw which holds the tap-top in place



Step 7:   Prise the top of the tap upwards.   This may take some wiggling and persuasion, depending on the age of the tap.   Be patient, do not use force.

The illustration shows the hot tap of a mixer-tap being replaced.


Picture 7:   manually removing the top section of the tap




Picture 8:   a mixer tap, with the hot tap-top removed



Step 8:    Using a ring-spanner, turn the top of the tap anti-clockwise.   (There may be a little water loss, as shown.)    Remove the tap-insert.

If necessary, the entire tap-inert can be replaced.   New tap-inserts are easily available from hardware shops - be sure to specify if you need an insert for a bath-tap or a sink tap:

Picture 9:  using a ring-spanner to loosen a tap


Picture 10:   tap body removed


Step 9:    Using the pen-knife, prise off the old washer.


Picture 11:   using a pocket-knife to remove a tap-washer


Step 10:    Press the new washer into place.

Picture 12:   Pushing a replacement tap-washer into position


Step 11:   Replace the tap insert and tighten it clockwise by hand.


Picture 13:  hand-tightening a tap inert


Step 12:    Using the ring-spanner, tighten the insert.

Picture 14:   Using a ring-spanner to fully tighten a tap insert.


Step 13:   Replace the tap-top, and firmly press it back into position.

Picture 15:   Placing a tap-top back in position over the tap-insert.


Step 14:    Replace the screw and tighten it - by hand and then also with a screwdriver.

Picture 16:   Tightening a tap-top screw by hand

Step 15:    Press the cap into place

Picture 14:   replacing the tap-cover


Step 16:   Remove the drainage plug from the sink.




Step 17:   Go to the hot-press / airing cupboard, and turn all the valves anti-clockwise to turn the water back on again.    Switch on the pump, if applicable.    If the tap being repaired was the cold-water tap in the kitchen, then don't forget to turn the valve under the sink back on.




Step 18:    Job Done!    Test the tap to make sure that it is working properly and not dripping.